Panama is rich with biodiversity within magnificent rainforests, spectacular seas and ancestral indigenous cultures such as the Emberra and Ngabe. The emergence of the Isthmus of Panama more than 3 million years ago was the most pivotal event in the evolutionary history of the western hemisphere. Since then, a great variety of animal and plant species have been able to migrate from one continental mass to another through Panama, where many congregate to offer an array of unique biodiversity. The Republic of Panama hosts more than 960 species of birds, 220 species of mammals, 240 species of reptiles, 175 species of amphibians and over 10,000 species of vascular plants. Impressively, more than 25 percent of its territory is protected by national parks and nature reserves. These factors, added to the close proximity of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans at a narrow isthmus, have created a vast concentration of life in the heart of the Americas, leading the Smithsonian Institution to establish the most advanced laboratory for tropical biological research in the world. We invite you to discover this unspoiled country filled with natural and cultural riches with a legacy that has shaped the world’s history.